Your immune system identifies harmful invaders and attacks them by releasing a chemical called histamine. If you have allergies, your body has identified a harmless invader as harmful and attacked it, causing a host of uncomfortable and undesirable symptoms for you.
The most common allergens include:
Why some people have allergies and others don’t is unknown. Allergies may be the result of genetic predisposition or complex exposure factors. The symptoms associated with allergies are caused by the effect of histamine on the body.
If you’re allergic to something you breathe in, symptoms are more like to affect the nose and respiratory symptom and may include a runny nose, congestion, itchy, red, watery eyes, wheezing, and coughing.
If you’re allergic to a food or drug, you’re more likely to experience systemic and gastrointestinal symptoms including swelling of the lips, tongue, and throat, upset stomach, and hives.
In severe cases, allergic reactions can result in anaphylaxis, a serious condition in which the throat swells, making breathing difficult.
Dr. Pajel-Sio can diagnose allergies can by using skin tests or blood tests.
Treatment usually involves allergy shots, antihistamines, or other over-the-counter allergy medications, inhalers, eye drops, or the administration of epinephrine for life-threatening allergies. Dr. Pajel-Sio can also help you develop a plan for avoidance and treatment of future allergic reactions.
If you suspect you have allergies but want a diagnosis to confirm it, don’t hesitate to call Dr. Pajel-Sio or book an appointment online. However, if you’re having severe difficulty breathing or are experiencing swelling of your lips, tongue, or throat, go directly to the emergency room or call 911.
Feel free to email us regarding any scheduling or general questions!