Diabetes

Diabetes Specialist
Diabetes is a fairly common condition that affects just over 30 million people in the United States, or 9.4% of the population. At Willow Park Medical Group in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, Dr. Mary Anne Pajel-Sio helps her patients successfully manage this prevalent disease, allowing them to lead healthy, happy lives. To get started on controlling your diabetes, call or book an appointment online.

Diabetes Q&A

by Mary Anne Pajel-Sio, MD

What is diabetes?

Diabetes is not one disease, but rather a term for several diseases that affect how your body processes blood sugar. You need to comprehend the role that blood sugar plays in your body to understand diabetes.

Blood sugar, also known as glucose, is essential for powering almost every part of your body, from your brain to your muscles. Your body produces insulin, which carries unused blood sugar to your liver for processing, to regulate your blood's glucose levels.

With diabetes, your insulin’s ability to process excess blood sugar is compromised, allowing this glucose to build up in your blood, interfering with your circulation. Complications from diabetes are widespread and serious, and include:

  • Heart attack
  • Stroke
  • Nerve damage
  • Loss of vision


Because of these risks, regular intervention and management are key when it comes to dealing with diabetes.

What are the main types of diabetes?

The three main types of diabetes are:

  • Type 1 diabetes — your body produces little to no insulin
  • Type 2 diabetes — your body is resistant to insulin
  • Gestational diabetes — during pregnancy your body produces hormones that lead to insulin resistance


No matter which type of diabetes you have, the result is the same: Your body doesn't process your blood sugar levels efficiently.

What are the symptoms of diabetes?

There are several indicators of diabetes, which include:

  • Excessive thirst and frequent urination
  • Fatigue
  • Hunger
  • Weight loss
  • Slow-healing sores
  • Blurry vision

How is diabetes treated?

Diabetes is a chronic condition that doesn’t have a cure, so treating diabetes comes down to proper management under the guidance of a healthcare provider. Dr. Pajel-Sio has extensive experience with diabetes management and typically turns to one or more of the following:

  • Insulin
  • Lifestyle changes, such as quitting smoking
  • Nutrition counseling
  • Exercise recommendations


Dr. Pajel-Sio uses a multi-pronged approach that allows you to lead a healthy, happy life with minimal disruption.

To learn how Dr. Pajel-Sio can help you take control of your diabetes, call or book an appointment online.

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